With effect from 1st January 2009, only holders of biometric passports, also known as e-passports, issued on or after 28th August 2006, will be exempt from Canada's temporary resident visa requirement. At the same time, please note that temporary passports are non-biometric. In view of this fact, temporary passport holders are obliged to obtain a temporary resident visa before commencing their journey to Canada. As of 1st January 2009, holders of non-biometric Polish and Lithuanian passports are required to obtain a temporary resident visa for Canada. If you have any queries, please visit the Canadian Embassy's website at www.canada.pl.